Style Guide

Updated: October 26, 2010

The style that the e-journal advocates emphasizes clarity, accessibility, and care in writing. Manuscripts are accepted in a wide range of writing styles, e.g. informal, personal, jargonistic, story telling, academic.

Please use a Times font (e.g. Times, CG Times, Times New Roman), size 12.

Text in manuscripts should be set out single-spaced. Include an extra line between paragraphs.

Use of Language  
Manuscripts must be written in non-sexist, non-racist language.

Authors should use the Harvard (author-date) referencing system for citations: (Smith and Jones, 2006; Gutierrez, 2007, 33-36; Tong et al., 2008).

Quotations, both excerpts from other published material and from primary research (interview transcripts, for example), should be included in the text if less than 50 words. Quotations of more than 50 words should be emphasized, left indented and enclosed in quotation marks. This clearly identifies the quotation as the work of someone else.

Figures, Tables, Illustrations 
When reproducing selected data or copying an entire table or diagram, a reference must be made to the source.

  1. A reference within the text to a table taken from someone else's work should include the author, date and page (Gutierrez, 2006, p.46) to enable the reader to identify the data.

  2. If the source of the data is not the author's own, but obtained from another source, it becomes a secondary reference and needs to be cited as such.

  3. If the table is reproduced in its entirety, place the citation below the table. Be particularly careful to note the original source of data, as well as the authorship of the document you are using. Full details should be included in the reference list.

  4. If you wish to reproduce the table in your own work,

    • replicate the whole table

    • add a citation below the table acknowledging where the table was found

  5. If you wish to quote from a table in your essay (treat as secondary referencing).

  6. Ensure you include details of the book in your reference list

All should be reduced in size using an image editor so they are suitable for web or email transmission. Please do not use large images as these take longer to download and cause frustration. Please ensure that you have all necessary approvals to use the images used.

Section Headings 
Use bold type for first-order section titles (i.e. Heading 1). Use type that is both bold and italic for second-order section titles (i.e. Heading 2). Use italics for third-order section headings (i.e. Heading 3). Do not indent paragraphs and begin text on the same line as third-order headings.

There is no spelling style preferred. Consistency within the manuscript is expected.

Standard punctuation is expected for each language.

Acknowledgments are to be included at the end of the body of the text, before the list of references.

Footnotes are to be used sparingly and placed at the end of the manuscript.

List references alphabetically at the end of the manuscript.
For more than one entry with same author(s) and date, use letters to distinguish them, e.g. 2006a, 2006b, 2006c.
Arrange entries under a particular author's name chronologically, with the most recent listed first.
All authors' names are to be part of the entry.

We may modify this guide at any time in our sole discretion without notice to you by posting the revised guide at and you are responsible for remaining apprised of the current version of this guide. Your continued use of after we post revisions to this guide will constitute your acceptance of the revised guide. If you do not agree to any posted changes, you may not continue to use